philosophy question 2


John Stuart Mill, in Utilitarianism, develops The Principle of Utility or “Greatest Happiness Principle” as the foundation of his ethical theory. Explain the principle fully. Then, using the text and examples, explain why Mill needs to expand the principle from a mere quantitative calculus of pleasure to the inclusion of differences in the quality of pleasure. Also explain, using text and examples, why he needs to expand the applicability of the Principle of Utility from the individual person to his or her community.
( 400 words)

. The first version of Kant’s Categorical Imperative, in essence, says that if a principle of action cannot be “universalized” then that action would be immoral. Explaining how the Categorical Imperative would work, give three examples of actions that cannot be universalized.
(400 words )

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