What is the rhetorical situation? What occasion gives rise to the need or opportunity for persuasion?

You are to read “Mortality” by Christopher Hitchens, After reading this, choose three areas to discuss from the book. This is a series of essays, so you can pick a topic he discusses, or you may choose three appeals he uses: logos, pathos ethos. All three can be seen in the stories. A rhetorical analysis is an essay that breaks a work of non-fiction into parts and then explains how the parts work together to create a certain effectwhether to persuade, entertain or inform. … Instead, you’re discussing how the rhetorician makes that argument and whether or not the approach used is successful. Please read Hitchen’s book: Mortality. This paper will be on that book. Please put a header on the left top side this paper. Your name English 101 Instructor 17 June 2019 A rhetorical analysis is an essay that breaks a work of non-fiction into parts and then explains how the parts work together to create a certain effectwhether to persuade, entertain or inform. Basic Questions for Rhetorical Analysis What is the rhetorical situation? What occasion gives rise to the need or opportunity for persuasion? What is the historical occasion that would give rise to the composition of this text? Who is the author/speaker? How does he or she establish ethos (personal credibility)? Does he/she come across as knowledgeable? fair? Does the speaker’s reputation convey a certain authority? What is his/her intention in speaking? To attack or defend? To exhort or dissuade from certain action? To praise or blame? To teach, to delight, or to persuade? Who make up the audience? Who is the intended audience? What values does the audience hold that the author or speaker appeals to? Who have been or might be secondary audiences? If this is a work of fiction, what is the nature of the audience within the fiction? What is the content of the message? Can you summarize the main idea? What are the principal lines of reasoning or kinds of arguments used? What topics of invention are employed? How does the author or speaker appeal to reason? to emotion? What is the form in which it is conveyed? What is the structure of the communication; how is it arranged? What oral or literary genre is it following? What figures of speech (schemes and tropes) are used? What kind of style and tone is used and for what purpose? How do form and content correspond? Does the form complement the content? What effect could the form have, and does this aid or hinder the author’s intention? Does the message/speech/text succeed in fulfilling the author’s or speaker’s intentions? For whom? Does the author/speaker effectively fit his/her message to the circumstances, times, and audience? Can you identify the responses of historical or contemporary audiences? What does the nature of the communication reveal about the culture that produced it? What kinds of values or customs would the people have that would produce this? How do the allusions, historical references, or kinds of words used place this in a certain time and location? The “summary” is one essay examining three of the literary devices. So, it is one + two other appeals: ethos pathos logos and/or two and 1 other, or 3 and no others. Other choices include: tone, voice, theme, language, symbol, irony or any other you choose to do. Some people choose how he uses the stages of grief (Kubler-Ross) or compare him to some of the other atheists he mentions. Perhaps it could be how his illness affects his writing. You are to put: In his book Mortality. Christopher Hitchen’s chronicles his experiences upon learning of his impending death. Chris was a journalist for several magazines and died after his battle with cancer. The analysis of his work will be viewed by use of emotional appeals, voice and tone. Then do your three paragraphs explaining how in the piece you saw these and examples from the essays. It is to be no longer than 3 pages TOPS. Since you mention the author and the title, no works cited is necessary, but you need to include quotes or paraphrases with page numbers after those in the paper.

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